▣ Redox Flow battery(RFB) As one kind of ESS(Energy Storage System) technologies 

Independent from its energy capacity, which is only determined by species concentration and volume of electrolyte tank

Completely discharged for long periods without ill effects

Safety : Accidentally mixed situation, Easy thermal management, No possible to explode.
▣ Component of RFB Cell

Electrode : Electrochemical reaction occurs (Redox)

Membrane : Only transport protons

Manifold : Connect external tank and electrochemical cell

Bipolar plate : Where the electrolyte flows in cell (Recently)
▣ RFB System
FB component => 10 ~ 20 cell (each 0.1kW/0.1kWh)
=> More than 100 Stack(each 1kW/1kWh) => FB system(MW/MWh)
▣ Governing Equations
Electrochemistry
Fluid Dynamics
 Brinkman Equation
 NernstPlank Equation
 ButlerVolmer's Law
 Ohm's Law
 Overpotential
▣ Simulation Results
▲ Velocity Field of RFB Battery Cell
▲ Concentration of Vanadium ion(V3,V5) at RFB Battery Cell